Vol 4, No 2 (2017): Autumn (November)



Miklós Berczeli , Zoltán Weltsch


Aluminium foams structures, due to its impact absorbing properties could be considered as passive safety systems in transportations which still have a great potential for development as a way to reduce deaths and injuries, which is also associated to the economic costs and social impacts associated with this problem. On the other hand, from an environmental standpoint, the use of advanced composite materials to this end can also represent an optimized level of energy efficiency. The impact energy absorption, with the use of a well-designed lightweight protection system, is directly related to the thermal efficiency and consumption of the engines, thus leading to a lower level of greenhouse gases sent to the atmosphere. Without developing manufacturing technologies, it can not be possible, that is why the joint technology should adapt to the recent, combinations of materials. The connection between aluminium foam to aluminium foam design is one way for the bonding established by adhesives. In this paper adhesive joining of aluminium foams were investigated for the base of a further research project.


Keywords: Development trend, Aluminum foam, Joint technology, Surface treatment, Adhesive, Wetting,


[1] D. Budai, M. Tiszai, “Development trends in aluminium car body produvtion,” Mate. Eng. vol. 148 no. 5, pp 29-36,2015.
[2] R. Joeri, L.M. David,C. O. Brian, R. Keywan, “2020 emissions levels required to limit warmint to below 2°C”, Nat.Clim. Ch., vol. 3, pp. 405-412, 2013.
[3] M. Malte, M. Nicolai, H. William, R. Sarah, F. Kajta, K. Reto, J.F. David, R.A. Myles, ”Greenhouse-gas emissiontargets for limiting global warming to 2°C”, Nat., vol. 459, no. 909, pp. 1158-1162, 2009.
[4] Audi A8 car body 2017. [Online]. Avaliable: [Accessed: 21-Oct-2017]
[5] S. Oliver, T.B. Jones, G. Fourlaris, “Dual phase versus TRIP strip steels: Microstructural changes as aconsequence of quasi-static and dynamic tensile testing”, Mat. Char., vol. 58, no. 4, pp. 390-400, 2006.
[6] J. Banhart, “Aluminium foams for lighter vehicles”, Int. J. Veh. Des., vol. 37, no. 2/3, pp. 114-125, 2005.
[7] M. Kleiner, M. Geiger, and A. Klaus, “Manufacturing of Lightweight Components by Metal Forming,” CIRP Ann. -Manuf. Technol., vol. 52, no. 2, pp. 521–542, 2003.
[8] J. Baumeister, J. Banhart, and M. Weber, “Aluminium foams for transport industry,” Mater. Des., vol. 18, no. 4–6,pp. 217–220, 1997.
[9] Q. Sawei, Z. Xinna, H. Qingxian, D. Renjun, J. Yan, H. Yuebo, “Research Progress on Simulation Modeling ofMetal Foams”, In Rare Metal Mate. and Eng., vol 44, no 11, pp. 2670-2676, 2015.
[10] Y. Wang, X. Zhai, W. Wang, “Numerical studies of aluminum foam filled energy absorption connectors underquasi-static compression loading”, In Thin-Wall. Str., vol 116, pp. 225-233, 2017.
[11] X. Xia, Z. Zhang, W. Zhao, C. Li, J. Ding, C. Liu, Y. Liu, “Acoustic properties of closed-cell aluminum foams withdifferent macrostructures”, In J. of Mate. Sci. & Tech., 2017.
[12] K. Stobener, Ć.G. Rausch, “Aluminium foam–polymer composites: processing and characteristics”, J. Mate. Sci.,vol. 44, pp. 1506–1511, 2015.
[13] H. Fang, J. Bi, C. Zhang, M. Gutowski, E. Palta, Q. Wang, “A constitutive model of aluminum foam for crashsimulations,” In Int. J. of Non-Lin. Mech:, vol 90, pp. 124-136, 2017.
[14] V. Crupi, G. Epasto, E. Guglielmino, “Comparison of aluminium sandwiches for lightweight ship structures:Honeycomb vs. foam,” In Marine Str., vol. 30, pp. 74-96, 2013.
[15] J. Banhart, H.W. Seeliger, “Recent Trends in Aluminium Foam Sandwich Technology”, Adv. Eng. Mat., EuromatMontpellier, 2011.
[16] J. Hlinka, Z. Weltsch, ”Relation between the wetting property end electrical conduction of silver-gold (Ag-Au) alloys,Peri. Polyt.-Tran. Eng., vol. 41, no. 2, pp. 95-98, 2013.
[17] J. Hlinka, M Berczeli, G. Buza, Z. Weltsch, ”Wetting properties of Nd:YAG laser treated copper by solders”, Sold. &Sur. Mount Tech., vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 69-74., 2017.
[18] A. Dezso, G. Kaptay, “On the configurational entropy of nanoscale solutions for more accurate surface and bulknano-thermodynamic calculations”, Entr., vol. 19, no. 6, pp. 248-259, 2016.
[19] R. D. Hussein, D. Ruan, G. Lu, “Cutting and crushing of square aluminium/CFRP tubes”, In Comp. Str., vol. 171,pp. 403-418, 2017.
[20] R. Neugebauer, Ć C. Lies, Ć. Hohlfeld, Ć. T. Hipke: “Adhesion in sandwiches with aluminum foam core” Prod. Eng.Res. Devel., vol. 1, pp. 271–278, 2007.
[21] G. Kim, F. Ajersch, “Surface energy and chemical characteristics of interfaces of adhesively bonded aluminiumjoints”, J. Mater. Sci., vol. 29, no. 3, pp. 676–81, 1997.
[22] A. Pramanik, A.K. Basak, Y. Dong, P.K. Sarker, M.S. Uddin, G. Littlefair, A.R. Dixit, S. Chattopadhyaya, “Joining ofcarbon fibre reinforced polymer (CFRP) composites and aluminium alloys – A review”, I. Comp. Part A: Apl. Sci.and Manuf., vol. 101, pp. 1-29, 2017.
[23] R. Padhye, D. K. Smith, C. Korzeniewski, M. L. Pantoya, “Tailoring surface conditions for enhanced reactivity ofaluminum powders with solid oxidizing agents”, I. Appl. Surf. Sci., vol. 402, pp. 225-231, 2017.
[24] K.Y. Rhee, J.H. Yang, “A study on the peel and shear strength of aluminum/CFRP composites surface-treated byplasma and ion assisted reaction method,” Comp. Sci. Tech., vol. 63, no. 1, pp. 33–40, 2003.
[25] D. Real, “Influence of surface preparation on the fracture behavior of acrylic adhesive/CFRP composite joints,” J.Adhes. vol. 87, no. 4, pp. 366–81, 2007.
[26] L .Sharpe, H. Schonhorn, “Theory gives direction to adhesion work,” Chem. Eng. News, vol. 41, no. 15, pp. 67–78,1963.
[27] P. Luis, V. Michaud, “Micro-scale modeling of water diffusion in adhesive composite joints,” I. Comp. Str., vol. 111,pp. 340-348, 2014.
[28] N.H. Ladizesky, I.M. Ward, “A study of the adhesion of drawn polyethylene fibre/ polymeric resin systems,” J.Mater. Sci. vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 533–44, 1983.
[29] M. Nardin, I.M. Ward, “Influence of surface treatment on adhesion of polyethylene fibres,” Mater. Sci. Technol. vol.3, no. 10, pp. 814–26, 1987.
[30] D.E: Packham, “Theories of fundamental adhesion,” In. H. of adh. tech., vol. 1, pp. 9–38, 2011.

Copyright (c) 2019 Gradus